Arduino is an open source hardware an software company. Arduino is also made in single board microcontrollers for building digital devices. Arduino boards are able to read inputs – light on a sensor, a finger on a button- and turn it into an output – activating a motor, turning on an LED.
Arduino hardware and software were designed for anyone interested in creating interactive objects or enviroments like hackers, newbies, artists, hobbyists etc.
The Arduino project began in 2005 as a tool for students at the Interaction Design Institute Ivrea, Italy for providing a low cast and easy way for beginners and professionals to interact with their enviroment using senesors and acuators. Common examples are robot, thermostats.
The arduino language is based on simple hardware language which is alike to C language (Computer language). After the sketch is written in Arduino IDE (application used to make computer programs), is then uploded to Arduino board executive. Arduino is fundamentally a C/C++ environment, while Processing’s underlying language is Java.
You can find Arduino in many things like mobile. And you can also make an arduino robot, arduino remote controller car etc.
Hope you have learned so much about Arduino.